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Ingredient Exchange

Use the chart below to help find substitution ingredients.

Ingredient Substitution
Active Dry Yeast, 1 package 2 1/2 teaspoons dry or 1/3 cake yeast, crumbled
Allspice Cinnamon - cassia - dash of nutmeg or mace or dash of cloves
Allspice, 1 teaspoon ground 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon plus 1/2 teaspoon ground cloves
Amaretto Almond extract.
Aniseed Fennel seed or a few drops anise extract
Apple Pie Spice, 1 teaspoon 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon plus 1/4 teaspoon ground nutmeg plus 1/8 teaspoon ground cardamom
Amaretto, 2 tablespoons 1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon almond extract
Asiago Parmesan cheese
Asian Basil equal amount any fresh basil variety
Baking Mix (if you're out of Bisquick®) 2 Cups Mix 1-3/4 cups all-purpose flour, 2-1/2 teaspoon baking powder and 3/4 teaspoon salt. Cut in 1/3 cup shortening until mixture looks like fine crumbs.
Baking Powder 1 tsp double acting 1/4 tsp baking soda + 1/2 cup buttermilk or
Baking Powder 1 teaspoon 1 teaspoon baking soda plus 1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar
Baking Soda There is NO substitute for baking soda
Balsamic Vinegar 1 Tablespoon 1 Tablespoon sherry or cider vinegar
Banana Leaves (as wrappers) foil, fresh corn husks, ti leaves, or parchment paper
Basil Oregano or thyme
Beer or ale Various types. For light beers, substitute chicken broth, ginger ale or white grape juice. For heavier beers, use a stronger beef, chicken or mushroom broth or stock. Non-alcoholic beers may also be substituted.
Bread Crumbs Dry 1/4 cup 1/4 cup finely crushed cracker crumbs, corn flakes or quick-cooking or old-fashioned oats
Broth, Chicken, Beef or Vegetable 1 cup 1 teaspoon chicken, beef or vegetable bouillon granules (or 1 cube) dissolved in 1 cup boiling water
Butter 1 cup 1 cup margarine or
Butter 1 cup 7/8 cup lard + 1/2 tsp salt
Butter, 1 cup 1 cup margarine -OR- 1 cup vegetable shortening (for baking only)
Buttermilk 1 cup 1 Tbsp vinegar + sweet milk to make 1 cup
Buttermilk 1 cup 2/3 cup plain yogurt + 1/3 cup sweet milk
Buttermilk, 1 cup 1 tablespoon vinegar or lemon plus enough milk to make 1 cup. Let mixture stand for 5 minutes before using.
Buttermilk or Sour Milk 1 Tablespoon lemon juice or white vinegar plus enough milk to make 1 cup. Let stand 5 minutes. Or use 1 cup plain yogurt.
Brandy Scotch or bourbon. If a particular flavor is specified, use the corresponding fruit juice, such as apple, apricot, cherry, peach, raspberry etc. or grape juice. Corresponding flavored extracts can be used for small amounts.
Candlenuts raw Brazil or macadamia nuts
Cake flour, 1 cup 1 cup minus 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour
Capers 1 Tablespoon 1 Tablespoon chopped green olives.
Cardamom Ginger
Chambord Raspberry juice, syrup or extract.
Champagne Sparkling white grape juice, ginger ale, white wine.
Chervil Tarragon or parsley
Chili Powder Dash bottled hot pepper sauce plus a combination of oregano and cumin
Chili Sauce, 1 cup 1 cup tomato sauce, 1/8 cup brown sugar, 2 tablespoons vinegar (White or Apple), 1/4 teaspoon cinnamon, dash of allspice and a dash of fresh ground cloves
Chinese or Thai Bean Sauce Vietnamese soybean sauce
Chive Green onion, onion or leek
Chocolate 1 ounce 3 Tbsp cocoa + 1 Tbsp shortening
Chocolate Semisweet baking 1 ounce 1 ounce unsweetened baking chocolate plus 1 Tablespoon sugar
Chocolate Semisweet 1 ounce 1 ounce unsweetened chocolate plus 1 tablespoon sugar
Chocolate chips Semisweet 1 cup 6 ounces semisweet baking chocolate, chopped
Chocolate Unsweetened baking 1 ounce 3 Tablespoon baking cocoa plus 1 Tablespoon shortening or margarine
Chocolate Unsweetened 1 ounce 3 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa plus 1 tablespoon margarine
Cilantro Parsley
Cinnamon Nutmeg or allspice (use only 1/4 of the amount)
Claret Light red wine or Bordeaux. Non-alcoholic wine, diluted currant or grape juice, cherry cider syrup.
Cloves Allspice; cinnamon; or nutmeg
Cognac Other less expensive brandies may be substituted, as well as Scotch or whiskey, or use peach, apricot or pear juice.
Cointreau Orange juice concentrate or regular orange juice that has been reduced to a thicker consistency.
Corn Starch (for thickening) 1 Tbsp 2 Tbsp flour
Cornstarch 1 Tablespoon 2 Tablespoon all-purpose flour or 4 teaspoon quick-cooking tapioca.
Cornstarch, 1 tablespoon 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour - Simmer about 3 minutes AFTER it has thickened
Corn Syrup Light 1 cup 1 cup sugar plus 1/4 cup water.
Corn Syrup Dark 1 cup 1 cup light corn syrup; 3/4 cup light corn syrup plus 1/4 cup molasses; or 1 cup maple-flavored syrup.
Cottage cheese - pureed, 1 cup 1 cup Sour Cream
Cream 1 cup 1/2 cup butter + 3/4 cup milk
Cream Light 1 cup 2 tablespoons butter, plus 1 cup minus 2 tablespoons milk
Cream of Tartar, 1 teaspoon 3 teaspoons of lemon juice -OR- 3 teaspoons of vinegar
Creme de menthe Mix spearmint extract or oil with a little water or grapefruit juice. Use a drop of food coloring if you need the green color.
Cumin Chili powder
Curacao Orange juice frozen concentrate or reduced fresh orange juice.
Eggs 1 large 2 egg whites; 1/4 cup cholesterol-free egg product; 2 egg yolks (for custard or puddings); or 2 egg yolks plus 1 Tablespoon water (for cookies or bars)
Eggs, 2 large 3 small eggs
Fish sauce Worcestershire sauce or light soy sauce with salt
Flour, 1 tablespoon (for thickening) 1 1/2 teaspoons cornstarch
Flour all-purpose 1 cup 1 cup plus 2 Tablespoon cake flour
Flour - Cake, 1 cup 1 cup minus 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour - sifted
Flour Self-rising 1 cup 1 cup all-purpose flour plus 1 teaspoon baking powder, 1/2 teaspoon salt and 1/4 teaspoon baking soda
Flour Self Rising 1 cup 1 cup all-purpose flour plus 1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder plus 1/2 teaspoons salt
Flour Softasilk® cake 1 cup 1 cup minus 2 Tablespoon Gold Medal® all-purpose flour
Framboise Raspberry juice or syrup.
Frangelico Hazelnut or almond extract.
Galanga Fresh Ginger
Galliano Licorice extract.
Garlic 1 small clove 1/8 tsp garlic powder
Garlic (finely chopped) 1 medium clove 1/8 teaspoon garlic powder or 1/4 teaspoon instant minced garlic
Garlic, 1 clove 1/8 teaspoon garlic powder or minced dried garlic
Gingerroot (grated or finely chopped) 1 teaspoon 3/4 teaspoon ground ginger.
Gingerroot, 1 tablespoon 1/8 teaspoon ground ginger
Ginger Allspice; cinnamon; mace; or nutmeg
Grand Marnier Orange juice frozen concentrate or reduced fresh orange juice.
Grappa Grape juice or reduced red wine.
Grenadine Pomegranate syrup or juice.
Half-and-Half 1 cup 7/8 cup milk plus 3 tablespoons butter
Hard Cider Apple cider or juice.
Herbs 1 Tbsp fresh 1 tsp dried
Herbs (chopped fresh) 1 Tablespoon 3/4 to 1 teaspoon dried herbs
Honey 1 cup 1-1/4cups sugar plus 1/4 cup water or apple juice.
Italian Seasoning Blend of any of these: basil, oregano, rosemary, and ground red pepper
Jasmine Essence banana essence or rose or orange flower water or extract
Kaffir Lime Leaves Domestic lime or lemon leaves or equal amount of grated lemon zest moistened with a bit of fresh lemon juice
Kahlua Strong coffee or espresso with a touch of cocoa powder.
Kirsch (Kirchwasser) Black cherry, raspberry, boysenberry, currant, or grape juice or syrup, or cherry cider.
Leeks (sliced) 1/2 cup 1/2 cup sliced shallots or green onions.
Lemon, 1 medium (fresh juice) 2 to 3 tablespoons bottled lemon juice
Lemon Juice (fresh) 1 Tablespoon 1 Tablespoon bottled lemon juice or white vinegar
Lemon Peel (grated) 1 teaspoon 1 teaspoon dried lemon peel
Lemon Peel (Zest), 1 teaspoon 1/2 teaspoon lemon extract
Lemon Grass Equal amount of grated lemon zest moistened with a bit of fresh lemon juice
Mace Allspice; cinnamon; ginger; or nutmeg
Maple Syrup, 1 tablespoon 2 teaspoons of maple sugar -AND- 1 teaspoon of water
Marjoram Basil; thyme; or savory
Marsala, 1/4 cup 1/4 cup dry wine plus 1 teaspoon brandy
Marshmallows, Mini, 1 cup 8 to 10 regular marshmallows
Mayonnaise (for salad dressings), 1 cup 1/2 cup plain yogurt and 1/2 cup mayonnaise -OR- 1 cup sour cream -OR- 1 cup cottage cheese, pureed
Milk (regular or low-fat) 1 cup 1/2 cup evaporated milk plus 1/2 cup water; or nonfat dry milk prepared as directed on package
Milk, fresh whole 1 cup 1 cup reconstituted dry milk + 2 tsp butter
Milk, whole 1 cup 1/2 cup evaporated milk + 1/2 cup water
Milk, sour 1 cup 1 Tbsp lemon juice or vinegar + sweet milk to make 1 cup
Mint Basil; marjoram; or rosemary
Molasses 1 cup 1/2 cup honey (flavor will be milder).
Molasses 1 cup 1 cup honey
Mushrooms (fresh) 1 cup cooked sliced 1 can (4 ounces) mushroom stems and pieces, drained.
Mustard 1 Tablespoon 1 teaspoon ground mustard (dry)
Mustard, dry, 1 teaspoon 1 tablespoon prepared mustard
Mustard, prepared 1 Tbsp 1 tsp dry mustard
Nutmeg Cinnamon; ginger; or mace
Oil For cake and cookie recipes 1 cup 1 cup applesauce
Onion Minced (rehydrated) 1 Tbsp instant 1 small fresh onion
Onion, 1 small 1 teaspoon onion powder or 1 tablespoon minced dried onion, rehydrated
Orange, 1 medium (fresh juice) 1/4 to 1/3 cup orange juice
Orange Peel (grated) 1 teaspoon 1 teaspoon dried orange peel.
Oregano Thyme or basil
Palm Sugar Maple sugar or brown sugar blended with a little maple syrup to moisten
Pandan Essence Screwpine Leaves
Parsley Chervil or cilantro
Poultry Seasoning 1 teaspoon 1/4 teaspoon ground thyme plus 3/4 teaspoon ground sage
Poultry Seasoning Sage plus a blend of any of these: thyme, marjoram, savory, black pepper, and rosemary
Pumpkin or Apple Pie Spice 1 teaspoon Mix 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon, 1/4 teaspoon ground ginger, 1/8 teaspoon ground allspice and 1/8 teaspoon ground nutmeg.
Red Burgundy Non-alcoholic wine, red wine vinegar, grape juice.
Red Pepper Dash bottled hot pepper sauce or black pepper
Red Pepper Sauce 3 or 4 drops 1/8 teaspoon ground red pepper (cayenne)
Red Wine Non-alcoholic wine, beef or chicken broth or stock, diluted red wine vinegar, red grape juice diluted with red wine vinegar or rice vinegar, tomato juice, liquid from canned mushrooms, plain water.
Red Wine, 1/4 cup 1 tablespoon balsamic or red wine vinegar
Red Wine - Sweet Bottled Grape Juice or Cranberry Juice
Rice Paper Wrappers Freshly made thin crepes
Ricotta Cheese 1 cup 1 cup cottage cheese + 1 Tbsp skim milk
Ricotta Cottage cheese
Rosemary Thyme; tarragon; or savory
Rum For light rum, use pineapple juice flavored with almond extract. For dark rum, use molasses thinned with pineapple juice and flavored with almond extract. Or use rum extract flavoring.
Saffron 1/8 teaspoon 1/2 teaspoon turmeric
Sage Poultry seasoning; savory; marjoram; or rosemary
Sake Rice vinegar.
Savory Thyme; marjoram; or sage
Schnapps Use corresponding flavored extract such as peppermint, peach, etc.
Screwpine Leaves Pandan Essence (use very sparingly)
Sesame Seed 1 Tablespoon 1 Tablespoon finely chopped blanched almonds.
Shallots, 1/2 dozen Red Spanish Onion or 1 tablespoon minced dried onion, rehydrated
Sherry, 2 tablespoons 1 to 2 teaspoons vanilla extract
Sherry Orange or pineapple juice.
Shortening, 1 cup 1 cup softened butter OR 1 cup margarine minus 1/2 teaspoon salt from the recipe.
Shrimp Paste Anchovy Paste
Sour Cream 1 cup 1 cup plain yogurt
Southern Comfort Peach nectar mixed with a little cider vinegar.
Spearmint, Dried, 1 tablespoon 1/4 cup fresh chopped mint
Sweet Soy Sauce 1 part soy sauce to 2 parts palm sugar boiled until syrupy, then cooled
Sugar, Brown (packed) 1 cup 1 cup granulated sugar plus 2 Tablespoons molasses or dark corn syrup
Sugar, Brown 1 cup 3/4 cup granulated sugar + 1/4 cup molasses
Sugar, Granulated (packed) 1 cup 1 cup light brown sugar (packed) or 2 cups powdered sugar
Sugar, Powdered 1 cup Mix 1 cup granulated sugar in blender
Sugar, Powdered 1 1/3 cups 1 cup granulated sugar
Sugar Powdered 1 cup 1 cup sugar plus 1 tablespoon cornstarch processed in food processor
Thai Chiles Bottled chile sauce, ground dried chile, or dried chile flakes
Tapioca, 1 tablespoon 1 1/2 tablespoons all-purpose flour
Tarragon Chervil; dash fennel seed; or dash aniseed
Tequila Cactus nectar or juice.
Thyme Basil; marjoram; oregano; or savory
Tomatoes (canned) 1 cup About 1-1/3 cups cut-up fresh tomatoes, simmered 10 minutes
Tomato Juice, 1 cup 1/2 cup tomato sauce plus 1/2 cup water
Tomato Paste 1/2 cup 1 cup tomato sauce cooked uncovered to reduced to l/2 cup
Tomato Sauce 2 cups 3/4 cup tomato paste plus 1 cup water
Triple Sec Orange juice frozen concentrate or reduced fresh orange juice.
Vanilla Bean, 1 inch 1 teaspoon vanilla extract
Vermouth For sweet, use non-alcoholic sweet wine, apple or grape juice or balsamic vinegar. For dry, use non-alcoholic white wine, white grape juice or white wine vinegar.
Wine, Red 1 cup 1 cup apple cider or beef broth
Whipping Cream (whipped) 1 cup 1 cup frozen (thawed) whipped topping or 1 cup prepared whipped topping mix.
Whiskey Bourbon, Scotch and whiskey may be used interchangably. Small amounts may be eliminated. Large amounts cannot be effectively substituted.
White Burgundy Non-alcoholic wine, white grape juice diluted with white wine vinegar.
White Wine Non-alcoholic wine, chicken broth or stock, diluted white wine vinegar or cider vinegar,white grape juice diluted with white wine vinegar, ginger ale, canned mushroom liquid, water. For marinades, substitute 1/4 cup vinegar plus 1 Tbsp sugar plus 1/4 cup water.
Worcestershire Sauce Bottled Steak Sauce
Yeast (regular or quick active dry) 1 package (1/4 ounce) 2-1/4 teaspoon regular or quick active dry or 1 package (0.6 ounce) compressed cake yeast.
Yogurt (plain), 1 cup 1 cup sour cream or buttermilk